Comprehensive eye check-up by an ophthalmologist is the best way to detect glaucoma. It includes measurement of intraocular pressure (tonometry), evaluation of drainage angel of eyes (gonioscopy), evaluation of optic nerve (ephthalmoscopy). Additional visual field tests (perimetry) are used to evaluate peripheral vision of each eye.
- Patients with a family members suffering from glaucoma
- Patients over 45 years of age
- Patients with diabetes
- Patients with near sightedness (hypermetrotia)
- An injury to the eye
- Long term steroid use
- Repeated eye inflammations.
Main treatment aims at reducing pressure in the eye. Treatment has to be aggressive so as to control the intraocular pressure to safe levels as fast as possible. Eye drops, tablets, laser and surgical measure are used to treat glaucoma. Periodic follow-up are important to evaluate whether the selected modelityot treatment is sufficiently controlling glaucoma. The treatment may need to be altered from time to time depending on the control.